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Related EC Projects

Recosy in the context of European Comission projects

 Fuel cycle related activities

 EUROPART (http://www.europart-project.org)
EUROpean research program for the PARTitioning of minor actinides and some long-lived fission products from high active wastes issuing the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels

Three years project (2004-2007)

The Integrated Project EUROPART investigates the Partitioning of long-lived radionuclides (LLRs) contained in the nuclear wastes issuing the reprocessing of nuclear spent fuels. After separation, the LLRs will be destroyed in short-lived or stable nuclides by nuclear means (Partitioning & Transmutation strategy) or conditioned into stable dedicated solid matrices (Partitioning & Conditioning strategy).

 EUROTRANS (http://www.fzk.de/eurotrans)
EUROpean Research Programme for the TRANSmutation of High Level Nuclear Waste in an Accelerator Driven System

Four years project (2005-2009)

The Integrated Project EUROTRANS focuses on the transmutation of the long-lived radioactive isotopes, as Pu and minor actinides, into short lived or stable elements. The objective is to work towards a European Transmutation Demonstration (ETD) in a step-wise way, by carrying out a first advanced design of experimental facility (50 to 100 MWth, realisation in a short-term, ~10 years) demonstrating the technical feasibility of Transmutation in an Accelerator Driven System (XT-ADS), as well as a conceptual design (several 100 MWth) of a modular European Facility for Industrial Transmutation (EFIT) (realisation in the long-term). A substantial amount of targeted experimental and theoretical work in support of the above design activities is carried out in this project on the coupling of an accelerator, a spallation target and a sub-critical blanket, on heavy liquid metal technology, fuels development and basic nuclear data.


 Basic actinide science

 ACTINET (http://www.actinet-network.org)
European Network for Actinide Sciences

Four years project (2004-2008)

The general objective of the Network of Excellence ACTINET is to gather the concerned scientific community through a network, aiming to reach sustainability in a few years. Knowledge dissemination, education and training activities through the network will ensure highest level of expertise in Europe. Transnational access to experimental facilities will valorise existing and future facilities and optimise their use.


 Deep Disposal research activities

 FUNMIG (www.funmig.com )
Fundamental processes of radionuclide migration

Four years project (2004-2008)

Main objectives of FUNMIG project are the fundamental understanding of Radionuclide migration processes in the geosphere, the application to performance assessment and communication of the results. The project tackles one of the main challenges for a sustainable European energy mix, namely scientific and social credibility of geological HLNW disposal. Fundamental processes are studied in two RTDCs, covering key radionuclide transport and retardation processes at the molecular level. This molecular level understanding is moved forward into studies on the host rocks being considered in Europe (clay, granite, salt). In three host-rock specific RTDCs, migration processes are studied at scales of interest for the performance assessment (PA).

 ESDRED (www.esdred.info )
Engineering studies and demonstration of repository designs

Five years project (2004-2009)

The Integrated Project ESDRED, a joint research effort by major national radioactive waste management agencies (or subsidiaries of agencies) and by research organizations, representing nine European countries, is a major step to establish a sound technical basis for demonstrating the safety of disposing spent fuel and long-lived radioactive wastes in deep geological formations and to underpin the development of a common European view on the main issues related to the management and disposal of waste.

 NF-PRO (www.nf-pro.org )
Understanding and physical and numerical modeling of the key processes in the near-field, and their coupling, for different host rocks and repository strategies

Four years project (2004-2008)

The principal objective of Integrated Project NF-PRO is to establish the scientific and technical basis for evaluating the safety function "containment and minimization of release" of the near-field of a geological repository for high level radioactive waste and spent fuel. To this end, NF-PRO will investigate dominant processes and process couplings affecting the isolation of nuclear waste within the near-field and apply and develop conceptual and mathematical models for predicting the source-term release of radionuclides from the near-field to the far-field. Results and conclusions of experimental and modelling work will be integrated in performance assessment.

 PAMINA (www.ip-pamina.eu/)
Performance assessment methodologies in application to guide the development of the safety case

Three years project (2006-2009)

The main objective of IP PAMINA is to improve and harmonise integrated performance assessment (PA) methodologies and tools for various disposal concepts of long-lived radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel in different deep geological environments. The IP PAMINA aims at providing a sound methodological and scientific basis for demonstrating the safety of deep geological disposal of such wastes, that will be of value to all national radioactive waste management programmes, regardless of waste type, repository design, and stage, that has been reached in PA and safety case development.

Model uncertainty for the mechanism of dissolution of spent fuel in a nuclear waste repository

Three years project (2006-2009)

The proposed coordinated action attempts to assess the uncertainties in models describing the dissolution mechanism of spent nuclear fuel in a repository for geological time periods. Most worldwide leading experts in the field from research and waste management and organisations are present in the project, representing different approaches to the prediction on the performance of disposed spent fuel for very long times:  based on either electrochemical, geochemical and/or radiolytical viewpoint. Simplified operational models are used by waste management and regulating organisations for the predictions in more complex systems.


 Public involvement

 OBRA (www.obraproject.eu)
European Observatory for Long-term Governance on Radioactive Waste Management.

Two years project (2006-2008)

Continuing societal concerns limit the application of deep geological disposal in many countries. Wider societal involvement is a top-level concern in most European and national organizations involved in radioactive waste management. Local and regional communities lack access to an authoritative yet independent platform of experts to address their concerns and information needs in a systematic way. OBRA aims to assess the feasibility of creating an Observatory for long-term governance on radioactive waste management in Europe. OBRA will provide mechanisms for all stakeholders to have access to knowledge not only residing on published material but in the experience of experts.
 CIP (www.cowam.com)

Three years project (2007-2010)

The objective of this project is to contribute to enabling European societies to make actual progress in the governance of radioactive waste management (RWM) while contributing to increasing societal awareness of and accountability for radioactive waste management in Europe in order to reach practicable, accountable and sustainable decisions This will be achieved by  following up and analysing  five innovative national processes on RWM on the basis of COWAM 2 results with a view to support stakeholders, particularly local communities, directly in their engagement with their particular RWM programme(s).

 ARGONA (www.argonaproject.eu)
Arenas for risk governance

Three years project (2006-2009)

A grounding thesis for the ARGONA project is that participation and transparency are key elements in effective risk governance. The project therefore intends to demonstrate, thereby also testing the thesis, how participation and transparency can be implemented in nuclear waste management programmes. The project consists of a series of work packages that logically starts with an analysis of the policy making structures that exist within the EU and in the participating countries, including EU directives (such as EIA and SEA directives), and national nuclear safety and environmental legislation.

 COWAM 2 (www.cowam.com)
Community Waste Management 2

Three years project (2004-2007)

Cowam 2 is the continuation of the European Concerted Action COWAM 1 which seeks to improve the decision-making process related to nuclear waste management facility siting and operation at the local and regional levels.


 Regional repositories

 SAPIERR 2 (www.sapierr.net )
Strategic Action Plan for Implementation of European Regional Repositories: Stage 2

Two years project (2006-2008)

The objective of this project is to move from the feasibility studies of SAPIERR-1 (2003-2005) towards possible practical implementation strategies and organisational structures that will enable a formalised, structured European Development Organisation (EDO) to be established in 2008 or afterwards for working on shared EU radioactive waste storage and disposal activities. Participating EU Member States will be able to use these structures as, when and if needed for the furtherance of their individual national policies.


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